The Ultimate Trio
In 1996 it was submitted to ECMA International to become an industry standard. It has been evolving ever since.
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So objects "inherit" from other objects.
Arrays have a nice literal syntax, too:
As do regular expressions:
And now, on to jQuery...
jQuery uses the façade design pattern, meaning that access to the entire API is done through a single function:
Typically you pass jQuery a string CSS selector:
And it returns the elements, wrapped in a jQuery object, that match the selector. Then you call methods on the jQuery object to manipulate the elements.
Another common use case for jQuery is to make asynchronous requests.
The best place to learn jQuery is its official documentation, api.jquery.com.
One last note...